World Art History Exam

Topics: Culture, China, Song Dynasty Pages: 7 (2559 words) Published: September 8, 2013
Art History

World Art Exam II
1.In this paper were going to look at four different cultures and two pieces of art work from each. These are cultures that we have discussed in class over this last semester and our found in the book Art a Brief History by Marilyn Stokstad and Michael W. Cothren . The four cultures of art that we are going to look at are Japanize, Chinese, Indian, and African.

The Japanese started out in the beginning borrowing the Chinese and Korean culture, and blending it into their own. It was not till the ninth Century when Japan started to break out and create their own artwork without taking aspects of Chinese and Korean art. This happens when Japan really started to pull away from China and developed their own method of writing. The first artwork that we are going to discuss for the Japanese culture is Amida Buddha. It was made by the master sculptor Jocho in 1053 in the Heian period. This is found in the book on pg. 224. This Buddha is made out of wood and is coated in gold leaf and lacquer. This piece is made out of more than one piece of wood. This was a really big development. Jocho himself innovated the joined-block method of construction. This allows sculptors to create larger than life statues. This statue has a great importance for the development of Japan’s culture because they like to use natural objects as their medium. To be able to create larger than life sculptures and Buddhas in particular almost immortalizes their art culture. The next Japanese work is called Rock Garden, Ryoan-ji. This piece was created by Kyoto in the Muronmachi period in 1480. A photo of this work is found on page 228 in the book. This piece really displays what most Japanese art is all about. It pulls in different visuals of natural elements. The Japanese love working with natural mediums and what is more natural than rocks. But every rock in the garden looks like it has a place, creating this Zen spirit. The rock garden works because it creates a sense of balance for the viewer, and the forest in the background only adds to the power that this Rock Garden has on centering one’s soul.

China has always had a strong culture and has influenced others greatly over time because of how strong it really is. Many famous Chinese artists are famous for their ink on silk, and block prints. A great example of ink on silk is Section Of Twelve Views From A Thatched Hut made in the early 13th century in the southern song dynasty by Xia Gui, found on page 216. This is an ink on silk handscroll. This was the style of most Chinese paintings except for the ones found on walls in the temples, palaces, and tombs. Most Chinese paintings are found on mounted hanging handscrolls. It was used as seasonal displays such as in today’s worlds when we hang seasonal things. For example, in the winter we hang snowflakes and in the fall we hang leaves. The Chinese use handscrolls in this manner to change up their scenery in their homes and palaces. Handscrolls were often accompanied by inscriptions such as poems in order to set the tone of the viewer looking at the piece. The Chinese culture was also big in pottery. The next piece is called Porcelain Flask. This piece was made in the Ming dynasty between 1425 and 1435. The artist is unknown. This is found on page 219. This porcelain piece is decorated in a cobalt blue under-glaze that appears to be painted on. The negative imagery left is a picture of a dragon. Dragons have been in Chinese folklore from the earliest times of existence of the Chinese. There are lots of stories of the dragon and it has always been used a symbol throughout the years and it has meant different things throughout Chinese history. An example of this is the dragon was used as the imperial symbol for the royal Chinese family. The Chinese Buddhist holds the dragon as a symbol of enlightenment. That is why I chose this piece, because it brings out a hidden culture within.

In the Indian culture,...

Cited: Stokstad, Marilyn. Art a Brief History. 5th ed. New York, NY: Pearson, 2012. Print
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