The Nile River

Topics: Egypt, Ancient Egypt, Nile Pages: 2 (448 words) Published: September 9, 2013
The Nile River

The Nile Is considered one of the longest rivers in the world. It flows north into northeastern Africa and Eleven Countries share it as a water source. Those would be namely: Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Democratic republic of the Congo, Kenya, Ethiopia, Eritrea, South Sudan, and Egypt. Interesting fact in the ancient Egyptian language, the Nile is called Iteru, meaning “great river.” People say the source of the Nile is Lake Victoria.

The Nile has been the lifeline of civilizations in Egypt since the Stone Age, most of all the cities of Egypt rest along the Nile Valley lying north of Aswan. The present Nile is at the least the fifth river to flow from the Ethiopian highlands. In the desert west of the Nile a canyon now dry represents and ancestral Nile called the Eonlile that flowed during the late Miocene era (23-5.3 million years before present).

The Greek historian Herodotus wrote that “Egypt was the gift of the Nile”. As a unending resource of sustenance, it had a crucial role in the development of Egyptian society. Silt deposits from the Nile made land fertile and allowed ancient Egyptians cultivate wheat, flax, papyrus (which is the paper they used) and other crops around the Nile. This was crucial for trading and helped secure Egypt’s diplomatic relations with other countries. Later in time Water buffalo were introduced from Asia, and Assyrian’s introduced camels in the 7th century B.C. These animals were killed for meat and were used for plowing. Or in the camel’s case carrying supplies like water and other material.

Water was vital to both people and livestock and the Nile was the way they would supply it. Not only that but since the Nile was so important to the Egyptian life, the ancient Egyptian calendar was even based on the 3 cycles of the Nile. The first part lasted from Mid- June to Mid- October. This time was called Akhet; it consisted of all the fields being flooded with water and fertilized by new silt. The...
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