“In just the past decade or two… [With] the increasing importance of technology in our world… science and technology are just as amenable to social analysis as politics or religion.” The effects that technology has on society and vice versa have changed and evolved since the Technological Revolution of the late 19th century, just as the technology has. “Scholars now talk about how the push and pull between technology and society, rather than just the push of technology on society.” Since the Technological Revolution, in the late 19th century and early 20th century, technology has integrated itself into society as a part of human culture, lifestyle, and need. With Edison’s invention of affordable light bulb people began to have electricity in their homes, as time progressed it became a necessity for life to have electricity in many cultures. This new technology seemed to dictate how we should and need to live, but is that true? Businesses have been the main proprietor and investor of innovation and technological advancement. New technologies become products, which society purchases or refrains from purchasing. The acceptance of a product from the public is what dictates its advancement and innovation, it is society choosing what should thrive or fail. If we examine Edison’s light bulb, we can see that it was society that made it come to fruition. Edison could not have made the affordable light bulb without the help of society, with investments and cooperation with various companies. It also would have not been successful unless people accepted this new lifestyle into their homes. Just as cellphones have evolved from public to house phones and from car to mobile phones, these things once seen as unneeded by society have become main staples as people accept them. The opposite can be seen with other products such as Betamax Videocassette Player. Betamax was a high quality and innovative item of the time, being higher quality than VHS, but it failed. Society...
Cited:  Pool, R. (1997). Beyond Engineering: How Society Shapes Technology (pp. 10-11). New York: Oxford University Press.
Cowan, R. (1997). A Social History of American Technology (pp. 159-165, 201-205). New York: Oxford University Press.
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