Multi-Perspective Approach in Organization Theory

Topics: Postmodernism, Modernism, Sociology Pages: 6 (2010 words) Published: February 24, 2013
Multi-Perspective Approach in Organization Theory

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For one to have a better insight of organization theory, the phenomenon should be studied in different approaches (Cooper & Burrell, 99). Various dimensions of thinking result in different theories and concepts. In this paper, multiple perspectives are examined, which entails: modernism, symbolic-interpretive, and post modernism. Also discussed in this essay is the impact and contribution of these perspectives on decision-making in an organizational culture. Organizational social structure

An organizational social structure refers to social behaviour among members in organizations. To some extent, they constrain and enhance individual action yet they are the same outcomes. Weber organization was built on the principles of modernism. Just like Weber, modernists view organizations as stable and fixed entities that impact its structure to influence and analyze the efficiency of the organization. Weber discovered the systemic discourse of bureaucracy and founded a way to study it. The traits of his ideal organization entailed: hierarchy, integration of labour, qualification-based promotions, decision-making procedures, and documentation as a method of monitoring (Cooper & Burrell, 99).

Modernist approach
It was notable that Weber’s organization was very modernistic in principles. Weber, as a mentor modernist, saw organizations as fixed and stable entities that impact its structure to influence the systems’ efficiency. Modernists see the developmental process of the world taking place in an independent manner apart from themselves regardless of their participation or absence in the process. Its objectives and parameters are factual-based, quantitative, and unbiased. Modernist have a goal in theory development, the goal is aimed at establishing prescriptive universal laws as per the case of general systems. They are always pro-efficiency, pro-effectiveness, and pro-progress (Wren, 43). It is worth noting that not everything can be found on quantitative and unbiased data. An example is the attendance of students in a classroom might be recorded via signing alongside one’s name, but some students might sign two or more times (i.e. against their own names and then against the friends who might be absent). The parameter of measuring reality on measurability and objectivity does not seem to apply here and therefore calls for another perspective that can take into account the loophole that exists. Weber organization was built on a modernistic foundation. Modernists, who took Weber as a mentor, viewed organization as a stable fixed entity, making structures impact efficiency in an organization. Empirical research has shown that effectiveness and efficiency are affected by the environmental conditions wherein the organization lies. The organizational structure has to be in tandem with the demands of the environment for it to succeed. The duality of the topology, therefore, is one where it thrives and enhances activities of an organization. This to a great extent overlies with symbolic interpretive approach in that it considers not only the objective properties that impacts the organization, but also their interpretive traits (Cooper & Burrell, 99). Symbolic-interpretive perspective best fills the loophole (Wren, 49). Symbolic-interpretive perspective

Social constructionists subscribe to the belief of subjectivity nature of reality. They believe that reality existence comes in with somebody’s acknowledgement. Without a person to acknowledge, then the reality is absent. As per the case of signing alongside ones’ names in the register, although the attendance of the all the students were recorded in the system, the reality is that some of the students were not present since nobody saw (acknowledged) their presence in person. In this sense, therefore, the truth is only established with a cordial and...
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