Chinua Achebe TFA 1958
Georges Braque 20thcentury French painter, collagist, draughtsman, printmaker and sculptor. Fauvism from 1906; Cubism. Braque’s work with Picasso between 1908 and 1912. Berthold Brecht A German poet, playwright, theatre director, and Marxist. Brecht made contributions to 20th dramaturgy and theatrical production, tours with Berliner Ensemble – the postwar theatre company
John Cage American composer, music theorist, writer, and artist. Indeterminacy in music, electroacoustic music, nonstandard use of musical instruments, leading figures of the postwar avantgarde. one of the most influential American composers of the 20th century. Alexander Calder American sculptor , originator of the mobile, kinetic sculpture move in response to motor power or air currents. By contrast, Calder’s stationary sculptures are called stabiles. He also produced numerous wire figures, notably for a miniature circus. Albert CamusFrench Nobel Prize winning author, journalist, and philosopher, contributed to rise of absurdism wrote in essay "The Rebel" that his whole life was devoted to opposing nihilism while still delving into individual and sexual freedom. Paul Cezanne French artist and PostImpressionist painter; laid foundations of the transition from 19thcentury conception of artistic endeavour to new different world of art in the 20th century; repetitive, exploratory brushstrokes. planes of colour and small brushstrokes to build up to form complex fields.
Marc ChagallFrench artist. Hughes referred to him as "quintessential Jewish artist 20th century” early modernist, associated with several styles; created works in virtually every artistic medium.
Christo married couple who created environmental works of art. Paris,24mile Running Fence The Gates in NYC
Le CorbusierSwissFrench architect, designer, painter, urban planner, writer, pioneer of modern architecture. borrn in Switzerland; became a French citizen in 1930. 50 yr work, with his buildings constructed throughout Europe, India, and America. Joseph Cornell American artist and sculptor, pioneers of assemblage. Influenced by Surrealists, also avantgarde experimental filmmaker. Salvador Dali prominent Spanish Catalan surrealist painter born in Figueres, Spain. skilled craftsman, best known for striking and bizarre images in surrealist work. painterly skills often attributed to influence of Renaissance masters. bestknown work, The Persistence of Memory, was completed in August 1931.
Marcel Duchamp FrenchAmerican painter, sculptor, writer,with Dadaism and conceptual art, not directly with Dada groups. one of three artists who helped to define revolutionary developments in plastic arts in early 20th century. Influence and responsibility for much of 20th and 21st century. rejected the work of many fellow artists WWI intended only to please the eye. Mental service with art.
Sigmund Freud Austrian neurologist who became known as founder of psychoanalysis. Paul GauguinA leading French PostImpressionist artist. Gauguin was later recognized for his experimental use of colors and synthetist style that were distinguishably different from Impressionism. His work was influential to the French avantgarde and many modern artists, such as Pablo Picasso and Henri Matisse.
Frank GehryWinning architect based in Los Angeles. His works are the most important works of contemporary architecture;"the most important architect of our age" Philip Glass American composer, considered one of most influential music makers of late 20th century. minimal music, along with work of other "major minimalists" La Monte Young, Terry Riley and Steve Reich.
Walter Gropiusa German architect and founder of the Bauhaus School, along with Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Le Corbusier and Frank Lloyd Wright, widely regarded as a pioneering master of modern architecture. ...
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