Modernism is a comprehensive but ambiguous term for a movement which began in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. It has had a wide influence internationally during much of the 20th C. The term is concerned with all the creative arts, specially poetry, fiction, drama, painting, music and architecture. Modernism has been suggested as an innovative and revivifying movement of late 19th C after which post-modernism begin. It is more valid to see modernism as an international body of literature characterized by a new self-conciousness about modernity and by radical experimentation. As far as literature is concerned modernism reveals a breaking away from established rules, traditions and conventions, fresh ways of looking at man’s position and function in the universe and many experiments in form and style. It is particularly concerened with language and how to use it and with writing itself. Thus structuralism was from the outset closely connected with modernist tendencies. Some of the modernist movements that incorporate with literature are imagism, symbollism, expressionism, realism and cubism. Imagism was a modernist movement in Anglo-American poetry that promoted an economy of direct, clear and precise language in poetic images over lyrical verse. As a poetic style it gave Modernism its start in the early 20th century and is considered to be the first organized Modernist literary movement in the English language. Symbollism was a late nineteenth century movement whose response to modernity was a ‘retreat to the interior’ that gave poetic and imagistic form to the realms of spirtuality, the imagination and dreams. Expressionism was a movement in visual art, literature and music that gave outward form to subjective experiences, feelings and moods which expressed the inner life of the indiviual rather than the representation of external reality. Realism was a literary and artistic movement that emphasized accuracy in style. Anticipated...
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