Himachal Pradesh University Journal, July 2011
Automated Integrated University Examination System Mohini Bhardwaj*1 Amar Jeet Singh**
INTRODUCTION Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has become a valuable, decisive and critical resource for individuals, communities, enterprises and organisations. ICT has reached at every door step, but its protenctial has not been fully utilised. ICT is a very helpful tool for providing good governance by bringing a sea‐change in the working of organisations and institutions. Most of the developing countries now understand the importance of ICT and have been adopting it as a basic tool for good governance. The new ICT mediated good governance is also called e‐governance. In most of the government run Indian Universities, examination system is managed manually. The manual examination system is facing many problems such as not declaring examination results in time and accurately. ICT is an effective tool for integrating and automating various activities of examination system at different administrative levels to bring reliable, efficient, scalable, transparent and robust e‐governance solutions. NEED OF ICT IN EXAMINATION SYSTEM In Indian higher education system, there has been many fold increase in its institutional capacity since independence. As per University Grants Commission (2008) report titled “Higher Education in India‐Issues related to expansion, inclusiveness, quality and finance”, the number of universities in India has increased from 20 in 1950 to about 431 in 2008, colleges from 500 in 1950 to 20,677 in 2008 and enrolment of students has increased from mere 100,000 in 1950 to 11,612,000 in 2008. The Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) i.e. which is a ratio of persons enrolled in higher education institutions to total population of the ...
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