February 12, 2013.
Education after WWII
After World War II, President Roosevelt signed the G.I Bill on June 22, 1944. The aim was to provide federal aid to help veterans adjust to civilian life. The Bill helped provide hospitalization benefits, purchase of homes and businesses, education was also a highly demanded benefit from the GI Bill. Enrollment in university campuses soared in United States after the G.I Bill was passed in the United States. It was also a time when women and minority students became a much larger presence on most campuses across the United States.
Due to the G.I Bill, there was a rapid increase in student enrollment in university campuses. One of the major components in the campus growth was a need for more dormitories. By 1955, higher education expanded to accommodate nearly 2.5 million students annually (p 94 of Mod. Arch. and US Campus Movement). This made most Universities aware of the need for additional facilities on the main campus. The Higher Education Facilities Act of 1963 provided the funding needed for the construction of educational facilities and major general College building programs in which more than a 300 percent increase of federal contribution to postsecondary education occurred (p 96 of Mod. Arch and US Campus Movement). Traditional values of campus planning and design were replaced by the expediencies of construction speed, affordability and functional efficiencies (p 27 of Tectonics, Tolerances and Time). Most universities timidly embraced the Modern architecture style that dominated construction during the period. Eventually, they embraced it as a fitting symbol of their commitment to contemporary educational values. Many of these new campus structures expressed a simple and restrained Modern architectural style. Some examples of how modern architecture style was organized to symbolize a liberal institutional mission include Eero Saarinen’s and Mies Van Der Rohe’s Buildings at Drake University. In...
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