Distillation of Alcoholic Beverages
We used a Quickfit Set Up in order to perform a Simple Distillation procedure. We used 15mL of The Bar as our distillate. We separated and calculated the alcohol content of the said beverage by the distillation process.
Alcoholic beverages are undeniably part of our culture for a long time already. It has many purposes, like, medical, hygienic, recreational. But, like everything else, if taken excessively, that is a different story. Because of that, many laws in different countries are made for the regulation of the consumption of the said beverages.
An alcoholic beverage is a drink containing ethanol, commonly known as alcohol. Alcoholic beverages are divided into three general classes: beers, wines, and spirits. They are legally consumed in most countries, and over 100 countries have laws regulating their production, sale, and consumption. In particular, such laws specify the minimum age at which a person may legally buy or drink them. This minimum age varies between 16 and 25 years, depending upon the country and the type of drink. Most nations set it at 18 years of age.
Now, how is this alcohol in these beverages produced? There is a process called fermentation, in which chemical breakdown of a substance is aided by microorganisms by converting grain starch into sugar (for beer). This is left to ferment for several days, and then there comes your beer. For other drinks like whisky, these are made by distilling fermented drinks.
Distillation is a method used to purify a compound by separating it from its less-volatile component, especially differences in boiling point. To determine the boiling point for organic compounds is not as routinely done compared with the melting point, but it is equally important for purification process. Vapour pressure is exerted by liquids as a result of molecules leaving the surface of the liquid to become vapour. The boiling point is the...
References: Garcia, C. (2005). Laboratory Experiments in Organic Chemistry. University of
Santo Tomas, College of Science. Manila.
Chang, R., & Overby, J. (2011). General Chemistry 6th Edition. McGraw Hill. New York,
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