Dadaism And Surrealism

Topics: Surrealism, Dada, Salvador Dalí Pages: 3 (1149 words) Published: December 27, 2014

Introduction:

The 19th. century was an era of invention and discovery. The horrors of the First World War led to widespread social trauma. People found consolation in art and literature, and used it as a way to express their outrage caused by the war. People demanded a form of expression that was honest, realistic, and critical of political and social behaviours. This Disillusionment following the war manifested itself in a number of ways, sparking artistic, literary, philosophical, musical, and cultural movements. In contrast to pre-war artistic movements, such as Impressionism, post-war art became bleak and cynical, changing the rules, abandoning tradition. Literature mirrored the artistic movements in exposing the atrocities committed during the world war. Some people were revolted by nationalism and what it had caused; so, they began to work towards a more internationalist world through organizations such as the League of Nations. Pacifism became increasingly popular. Others had the opposite reaction, feeling that only military strength could be relied on. Dadaism

Dada or Dadaism was a post-World War I cultural movement in visual art as well as literature (mainly poetry), theatre and graphic design. The movement was originated in Zurich and Trace in 1916. This movement was a protest against the barbarism of the War. Its works were characterized by a deliberate irrationality and the rejection of the prevailing standards of art. There was also a rejection of war politics and social organization.

Characteristics:
Dada artworks allow the viewer to interpret artworks in a variety of ways.

It was an artistic revolt and protest against traditional beliefs of a pro-war society, and also fought against sexism/racism to a lesser degree.

It was an anti-war movement created by artists around Europe as a way to express the troubles and traumas within societies affected by the war itself.

Influences by Futurism, Cubism and Expressionism...
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