Health and Social Care
Promoting Good Health
Approaches to Health Promotion
What is Health Promotion? ‘Health promotion is the process of enabling people to exert control over the determinants of health and thereby improve their health. As a concept and set of practical strategies it remains an essential guide in addressing the major health challenges faced by developing and developed nations, including communicable and non-communicable diseases and issues related to human development and health.’ HYPERLINK "http://dexcb04.school.c2kni.net/exchweb/bin/redir.asp?URL=http://www.healthpromotionagency.org.uk/Healthpromotion/Health/section2.htm" \t "_blank" http://www.healthpromotionagency.org.uk/Healthpromotion/Health/section2.htm What the work involves?
Health promotion staff work at a number of levels from face to face contact with individuals, groups and communities to more strategic work such as policy development. The work is much more than simply advising or persuading individuals to make lifestyle changes and includes:
Organisation development – developing organisations to be more health promoting e.g. In schools, workplaces and hospitals.
Community development – developing communities to9 be more health promoting e.g. neighbourhoods, cultural communities and communities of interest.
Strategy development – developing a strategic approach to improving health and ensuring that local, regional and national policies that can affect public health do so in a health promoting way.
Personal development – developing the personal, social and emotional skills and abilities of people in order for them to maximise their own health and build a health promoting capacity for those around them.
Health information – developing ways of providing appropriate and accurate information about people’s health, what social behavioural factors can affect their health, and what can be done to improve their health.
Partnership development – managing specific health promoting projects in order to ensure they are ethical, effective and efficiently delivered.
Project management – developing partnerships with the key people, communities and organisations that can affect or influence public health, and to enable these partnerships to be better able to promote health.
The six dimensions of health
Good health is vital to every individual, but there is much more to good health than just god dietary habits.
There are six dimensions to good health, they are the following:
This refers to how well the society offers every citizen the equal chance to gain access to the goods and services vital for being able to function as a member of a given society. For example, in the UK, the government has introduced many initiatives and promotions of good health and well being, such as the smoking ban in July 2007. Also advertisements being introduced to encourage people to drink sensibly and to give up smoking, offering help lines and alternatives.
This is a person’s ability to interact with others. Social determinants of health are the economic and social conditions under which people live which determine their health. It refers to the physical and mental social well being of a person in a particular society. An example of this would be being able to talk to a new person, or somebody you have never spoken to before. Social health can help a person to gain confident and independence.
This is the act of having direction and meaning in life. It is the act of living life with honesty and in line with a spiritual belief...
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