Term Paper on Andy Warhol
The artist that had the most influence in the 20th Century was Andy Warhol. His life was such a struggle from the beginning he contracted rheumatic fever at a young age and had neurological problems. He was born of parents that were from Czechoslovakia and moved to Pittsburgh before his birth on August 6, 1928. His mother had a huge influence on his art and would buy him candy bars as a reward for painting. His father died when he was young and his older brother took care of him while his mother worked. Every day his brother would make him Campbell's soup and a sandwich for lunch. That later became the focus of one of his painting series. Julia his mother started taking him to free Saturday art classes at a local museum. Andy would stay late and wonder the museum focusing every detail of the paintings. His father set aside the funds for Andy to go to college. In 1949 he graduated from Carnegie Institute of Technology. He also showed signs of having Asperger's Syndrome or Autism throughout his life. In his teenaged years he had several nervous breakdowns and was almost suspended from college. He was very socially awkward and was very self conscious of his looks. He had nose jobs and skin sanding processes done to help with the red splotches on his face that was a result of the rheumatic fever from his childhood.
Andy moved to New York and was determined to get a job in commercial art to ultimately become famous. He started hanging out a a little cafe in Manhattan called Serendipity. At this time Marilyn Monroe was always with her friends there so she became the object of Andy’s obsession at that time. This is probably why she is seen in his later works. This time period in his life everyone referred to him as “Raggedy Andy” because he was always seen in the same clothes and carrying a brown paper bag with all his drawings in it. He was struggling with his homosexuality and his fear of imperfection in himself. There were several attempt at having a relationship, but they ended with him very depressed for days. After making the conscious decision to change his view on this and forget about it so he could focus on his art. He wanted so desperately to become an recognized artist in the art community. That came later that he intended , but with more fame than he could ever imagine.
Andy's work took on so much meaning and was a mirror of life under all the masks that everyone wore. He saw people from the inside and was noted at detecting greatness in people. The height of his art career was when he opened the Factory where he would have lavish parties and would begin dabbling in the film industry. Critics were very harsh on Andy's first films such as Sleep an 8 hour long movie filming a man sleeping. When asked about why he would film that he replied why not the man was his friend and he left his door unlocked. He had a desire to show beauty and greatness in the most plain things. His studio gave people from all walks of life a place to come and be their self. He studied these people and enjoyed them begin there while he created his art work. The atmosphere he created in the Factory was what is refereed to as the start of the 60's. He was very sensitive to many things so he would rarely indulge in any of the drug taking parting that was going on around him. Instead he would just watch everyone and that was like his inspiration for his art. However he did have a slight addiction to amphetamines that he refereed to as giving him the power to do more work. He was able to be a art creating machine. He was quoted at saying you should just keep creating art even when others think it is not good. That was his drive he adapted after all his failures he endured along the way.
After Andy survived an assignation attempt that left him in the hospital for several weeks his art began to change. He was more emerged in the serial reproduction of images in his art work. He was asked to do a portrait of a...
Cited: |Oral history interview with Irving Blum, 1977 May 31-June 23, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution |
"Campbell 's revamps soup cans." Design Week. (September 3, 1999 ): 327 words. LexisNexis Academic. Web. Date Accessed: 2013/06/26.
Oral history interview with Irving Blum, 1977 May 31-June 23, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution http://www.aaa.si.edu/collections/interviews/oral-history-interview-irving-blum-13182
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