ART is a diverse range of human activities and the products of those activities; this article focuses primarily on the visual arts, which includes the creation of images or objects in fields including painting, sculpture, printmaking, photography, and other visual media. The term ‘Western art’ largely describes the art of western Europe, but is also used as a general category for forms of art that are now geographically widespread but that have their roots in Europe. Art historians describe the history of Western art in terms of successive periods and/ormovements, including classical, medieval, Byzantine, Romanesque, Renaissance, baroque , rococo , neoclassicism, Romanticism, realism, modernism and postmodernism. The traditional heart of artistic production and training was the workshop or atelier, presided over by a master artist. Apprentices learned their craft by preparing materials and helping the master execute commissions
If the Enlightenment was a movement which started among a tiny elite and slowly spread to make its influence felt throughout society, Romanticism was more widespread both in its origins and influence. No other intellectual/artistic movement has had comparable variety, reach, and staying power since the end of the Middle Ages. In art, romanticism is characterised by an emotionally intense and personal approach. Historically, the term (often with a capital R) describes a movement in literature, visual arts, architecture and music in the late 18th and first half of the 19th centuries, which rose in reaction to the 18th-century Age of Reason. It emphasised emotion and imagination (rather than logic) and nature in its untamed state.
Realism emerged in the aftermath of the Revolution of 1848 that overturned the monarchy of Louis-Philippe and developed during the period of the Second Empire under Napoleon III. the term can mean to depict things as they are, without idealising or making...
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